What are dental implants?

Dental implants

Dental implants:

Dental implants are a popular and feasible way to replace missing teeth, and they are designed in a way that matches other teeth in the mouth. Dental implants are supports surgically fixed in the upper or lower jaw bone, and they act as a strong anchor for the tooth that will be implanted, [1] and the dental implant fuses with the jaw bone. Without affecting the adjacent teeth through a process called osseointegration, dental implants are made of titanium, which stimulates the fusion of the implant in the bone without the body feeling that it is a foreign body, and dental implant technology has advanced to reach a success rate of about 98%. [2] The bone fusion process takes a few months to complete, and dental implants are characterized by not being prone to decay and do not affect the adjacent teeth as in cases of fixed bridges, and it is preferable for a dental implant to be performed by a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery to obtain the best results, [3]. The surgeon places the dental implant inside the jawbone, and the implant acts as a real tooth root, and it is left for a period ranging from 3-6 months to complete the fusion with the bone, and then the artificial tooth is installed on the implant in If you make sure of its stability in the bone. The patient may suffer from pain and a little swelling in the days following the implantation process, and the doctor in this case prescribes analgesic drugs and advises the patient to eat soft foods, and it is necessary to mention the importance of maintaining the cleanliness of the dental implants and the teeth that are installed on them, as the patient must clean them Dental brushing and flossing.

Benefits of dental implants:

There are many benefits of dental implantation, the most important of which are:
+ Improving the general appearance: the teeth that are installed on the dental implants appear as natural teeth, and because the dental implants fuse to the bone, they are permanent.
+ Improved pronunciation: compared to mobile dentures that can slip out of place and be difficult to speak with.
+ Feeling comfortable: Because dental implants appear to be part of the human body, and therefore they are more comfortable than mobile dentures.
+ Ease of eating: as the dental implants work like natural teeth, and they enable a person to eat the food he loves confidently and without feeling pain, unlike dentures that are difficult to eat and chew food.
+ Ease of maintaining oral and dental hygiene: As the adjacent teeth are not affected by the presence of implants, as in some types of bridges that need support of the adjacent teeth, this provides a better opportunity and more room for cleaning between the teeth.
+ Long durability: Dental implants may last for life, with the efforts to preserve them.
+ Restore the ability to smile and feel good about oneself.

Cases suitable for dental implants:

Dental implants are not a suitable option for all people, the candidate for the transplant must be in good health, and there must be an adequate amount of bone in the jaw, and this amount of bone is required in order to stabilize the implant and fuse with it, and the implant is not an appropriate option for people who suffer Of chronic diseases such as diabetes and leukemia, due to their slow healing process, and smokers also suffer from slow healing, [6] and heart patients and people who were subjected to radiation therapy to the head and neck need to be evaluated before starting the transplant. It is important to ensure that the candidate for implantation has healthy gums, clean mouths and teeth, and that he regularly visits the dentist.

Reasons for failure of dental implants:

As in all cases of surgery, dental implants need careful and prudent planning, as it is necessary to ensure the safety of the person’s health, to make sure of the presence of blood diseases, or any kind of infections, or allergies, and the types of drugs that the patient takes in order to deal with these cases. Appropriately, and despite the high success rates of dental implantation, the low failure rates are due to problems such as infections, a fracture in the dental implant, a heavy load on the dental implant, or a defect in the parts surrounding the implant such as the destruction of a blood vessel or A nerve or the adjacent tooth, and among other things that lead to failure of dental implants, placing the implant in an inappropriate place, or the presence of a bad type of bone in terms of structure and quantity, and it is possible to replace the old implant with a new one, taking into account waiting for a period of time until the bone heals in place The previous implant.